Difference between revisions of "BD Drive Reverse Engineering"

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(Establish Secure Communication Channel)
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=Introduction=
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* The follwing information was reverse engineered from Storage Manager which runs in LPAR1 and from sv_iso_spu_module.self.
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=Information about EID4=
 
=Information about EID4=
  

Revision as of 20:37, 14 August 2012

Introduction

  • The follwing information was reverse engineered from Storage Manager which runs in LPAR1 and from sv_iso_spu_module.self.

Information about EID4

  • EID4 contains 2 128bit keys which are necessary to establish a secure communication channel to BD drive for sending vendor specific security commands.
  • EID4 is encrypted with AES-CBC-256 algorithm.
  • EID4 is of size 0x30 bytes: 0x0-0xf bytes = 1st key, 0x10-0x1f - 2nd key, 0x20-0x2f - CMAC-OMAC1 of EID4
  • The first key is used for encrypting data sent from host to BD drive.
  • The second key is used for decrypting data sent from BD drive to host.

Dumping EID4 IV and Key

  • I modified sv_iso_spu_module.self to dump EID4 IV and key.
  • I used spuisofs kernel module and the below SPU program to dump EID4 IV key.
  • After dumping EID4 key use CMAC-OMAC1 algorithm to check the CMAC of EID4. If the EID4 key you got is correct then the CMAC should match.

My program to dump EID4 AES-CBC-128 IV and key to PPU memory:

/*
 * Dump EID4 IV and key to EA with MFC
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 glevand <geoffrey.levand@mail.ru>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
 * by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

.text

start:

	ila		$2, 0x3dfa0
	lr		$sp, $2

	ila		$80, 0x3e000
	lr		$81, $3

	stqd		$7, 0($80)
	stqd		$8, 0x10($80)	# store EID4 IV
	stqd		$9, 0x20($80)	# store upper 16bytes of EID4 key
	stqd		$10, 0x30($80)	# store lower 16bytes of EID4 key
	stqd		$11, 0x40($80)
	stqd		$12, 0x50($80)

	lr		$3, $80
	lr		$4, $81
	il		$5, 0x60
	il		$6, 0x7
	il		$7, 0x20
	brsl		$lr, 0x10	# mfc_dma_xfer

	il		$3, 0x7
	brsl		$lr, 0x28	# mfc_dma_wait

	stop		0x666		# our evil stop code :)

/*
 * r3 - LSA
 * r4 - EA
 * r5 - size
 * r6 - tag
 * r7 - cmd
 */
mfc_dma_xfer:

	wrch		$ch16, $3
	wrch		$ch17, $4
	shlqbyi		$4, $4, 4
	wrch		$ch18, $4
	wrch		$ch19, $5
	wrch		$ch20, $6
	wrch		$ch21, $7

	bi		$lr

/*
 * r3 - tag
 */
mfc_dma_wait:

	il		$2, 0
	nop		$127
	hbra		2f, 1f
	wrch		$ch23, $2

1:

	rchcnt		$2, $ch23
	ceqi		$2, $2, 1
	nop		$127
	nop		$127
	nop		$127
	nop		$127
	nop		$127

2:

	brz		$2, 1b
	hbr		3f, $lr
	rdch		$2, $ch24
	il		$2, 1
	shl		$2, $2, $3
	wrch		$ch22, $2
	il		$2, 2
	wrch		$ch23, $2
	rdch		$2, $ch24
	nop		$127

3:

	bi		$lr

Establish Secure Communication Channel

  • With both keys from EID4 we are now able to establish a secure communication channel with BD drive and send vendor-specific ATAPI commands to it.
  • ATAPI commands SEND_KEY and REPORT_KEY are used to exchange random number between host and BD drive.
  • Exchanged random numbers are used to derive the session key which is used later to send vendor-specific ATAPI commands (0xE0 and 0xE1) to BD drive.
  • The same procedue is folled e.g. by Storage Manager which runs in LPAR1.