Disk Identification/Serialisation Data

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Anatomy of a PS4 Game Disc

The Identification & Serialisation Data from a PlayStation 4 Game Title contains several Information, which you can find not only on any Game Disc pressed for the PlayStation 4, but also similar for any PlayStation 3 and/or any other Console-based Game Disc, and other Media pressed on CD, DVD and Blu-ray.

Contents

[edit] Productcode

CD showing IFPI-Codes in detail - there is no BCA visible

Blu-Ray Disc PS3 GAME IFPI- Mastering SID Code single-layer

Blu-Ray Disc PS3 GAME IFPI- Mastering SID Codes dual-layers

Blu-Ray Disc PS4 GAME IFPI- Mastering SID Code single-layer with IFPI logo
DVD showing CBA in detail - on the inner ring is the IFPI

Wii Disk showing CBA in detail - on the inner ring is the IFPI

Wii Super Mario Galaxy PAL - showing IFPI, BCA & Angular Marks

Wii Super Mario Galaxy PAL - BCA cropped
Complete inner ring from a Japanese PS3 Game Disc showing the Mastering Code together with the IFPI logo, the Matrix Code (Productcode) & the Toolstamp (in clockwise direction)
A sketch about the Angular Marks on a optical disc
Screenshot while reading a pressed Blu-ray Movie with Angular Marks

Main article: Productcode

[edit] Layout

unique ASCII of length 9 to identify, used for PS1/PSX, PS2/PStwo, PS3, PS4, PSP, PSP2/Vita.

format: XXXXYYYYY (lettercode for XXXX / numbers for YYYYY)


[edit] Source Identification Code

The Source Identification Code (SID-Code) can be found on almost all pressed optical discs worldwide since 1994, originally planned as a piracy safeguard, but it's also used for acceptance sampling. It contains two codes, a Mould Code and a Mastering Code. Each code consists the digits "IFPI" (named by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry) followed by a four or (less often) five-digit code. These two codes are located in the inner ring from any optical disc (outside the data section) and can be used to trace the location from a manufacturing or mastering plant, where the disc got pressed.

[edit] Mastering Plant SID-Codes

Note: There were no distinctions between a single-layer and a dual-layer Game Disc pressed on DVD, UMD and BD.

Region Disc Type Platform SID-Mould Code Inner Ring Side SID-Mastering Code(s) Inner Ring Side Mastering Plant Country Facility Remark
Japan CD PSX IFPI 45** Bottom IFPI L272
IFPI L274
IFPI L275
IFPI L276
on Top Sony DADC Japan Inc.
Japan.png Japan
Shizuoka - Haibara District, Shizuoka Prefecture [1]
Japan CD PS2 IFPI 45**  ? IFPI L274
IFPI L275
 ? Sony DADC Japan Inc.
Japan.png Japan
Shizuoka - Haibara District, Shizuoka Prefecture
Japan DVD PS2 IFPI 45**  ? IFPI L271
IFPI L272
IFPI L275
 ? Sony DADC Japan Inc.
Japan.png Japan
Shizuoka - Haibara District, Shizuoka Prefecture
Japan UMD PSP  ?  ? IFPI L271  ?  ?  ?  ?
Japan BD PS3 IFPI 45** on Top IFPI L279
IFPI L280
Bottom Sony DADC Japan Inc.
Japan.png Japan
Shizuoka - Haibara District, Shizuoka Prefecture
Japan BD PS4  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
North America CD PSX IFPI 50**
IFPI 51**
IFPI 72**
Bottom IFPI L330
IFPI L336
IFPI L424
on Top Sony DADC US Inc.
United States.png United States
IFPI 50** = Pitman, New Jersey
IFPI 51** = Terre Haute, Indiana
IFPI 72** = ?
[2]
North America CD PS2 IFPI 50**  ? IFPI L327
IFPI L330
 ? Sony DADC US Inc.
United States.png United States
Pitman, New Jersey
North America DVD PS2 IFPI QW**  ? IFPI L327
IFPI L330
IFPI L331
IFPI L332
 ? Sony DADC US Inc.
United States.png United States
Terre Haute, Indiana
North America UMD PSP  ?  ? IFPI L330
IFPI L331
IFPI L332
IFPI L333
 ?  ?  ?  ?
North America BD PS3 IFPI QW** on Top IFPI L321
IFPI L322
IFPI L323
IFPI L324
IFPI L325
Bottom Sony DADC US Inc.
United States.png United States
Terre Haute, Indiana
North America BD PS4  ?  ? IFPI L325 Bottom Sony DADC US Inc.
United States.png United States
Terre Haute, Indiana [3]
Europe CD PSX IFPI 94** Bottom IFPI L553
IFPI L555
on Top Sony DADC Austria AG
Austria.png Austria
Anif, near Salzburg [4]
Europe CD PS2 IFPI 94**  ? IFPI L558  ? Sony DADC Austria AG
Austria.png Austria
Anif, near Salzburg
Europe DVD PS2 IFPI 94** Bottom IFPI L556
IFPI L557
IFPI L558
Bottom Sony DADC Austria AG
Austria.png Austria
Anif, near Salzburg
Europe UMD PSP IFPI 94** Bottom IFPI L556
IFPI L557
IFPI L558
Bottom  ?  ?  ?
Europe BD PS3 IFPI 94** on Top IFPI LY23
IFPI LY24
IFPI LY25
IFPI LY26
IFPI LY27
Bottom  ?  ?  ?
Europe BD PS4 IFPI 94** on Top IFPI LY25
IFPI LY26
Bottom  ?  ?  ? [5]

[edit] See also


[edit] Matrix Number

The Matrix Number (also known as the Matrix Code) defines an internal alphanumeric code system during the Mastering Process.

[edit] Grandmother

When any project get finished, such as audio files for a Audio-CD, movie and/or game files for a DVD/Blu-ray Disc, the Mastering Plant creates a Glass-master Disc. Literally speaking, those aren't Discs like any from retail because in most instances, a Mastering Plant use die glass plates similar to those used in printing. Such a die glass plate are also called Grandmother Disc because this is the very first Disc storing the files from a finished project.

[edit] Father

Because those Grandmother Discs are fragile (and mostly larger compared to a retail Disc), you can't use it as a template to press Master Discs for the retail market. Therefore a Mastering Plant creates a negative copy from the die glass plate with the difference that this new plate consists of metal (mostly from Nickel and Zinc). This new metal plate is called the Father Disc (also known as the Metal-master Disc). After the Father Disc was created, the Grandmother Disc gets fully destroyed.

[edit] Mother

Since the Father Disc was created and more durable due to their metal ingredients, it would be technically possible using this one template for Replication of retail Discs. But because a Mastering Plant wants to press on several machines simultaneously for faster replication (and to save that one metal plate as a backup), they produce a exact copy from the Father Disc commonly between 20 and 50 times through galvanization. Those copies are called the Mother Disc(s), since those are only copies with the same metal surface like used for the Father Disc, with the difference that those Mother Disc(s) are again positive copies due to the galvanization method (similar to the Grandmother Disc).

[edit] Son

After several Mother Disc(s) were created, it needs to create again negative copies to use them finally for replication. Those called Son Disc(s) (or stamper) have already the same form like a retail Disc including the central opening and can be finally used for the replication process. Those stampers keeping their properties for ordinary five years, but even if some gets consumed, it's still possible to create copies from one of the Mother Disc(s) or even from the Father Disc itself, if needed.

[edit] Code Explanation

Those codes are also detectable in the inner ring (outside the data section) nearby the Mastering Plant SID-Code, with regional distinctions but with the same rule. Every code gets printed separately (with a hyphen between the codes from the Father- and the Mother Disc), while dual-layer Discs shares only the code from the Father Disc. In spite of that, physical Game Titles released in Japan for both on the PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 contains the Productcode instead of a Matrix Code, which is also parted with a hyphen because of the same rule (but without any difference between single-layer and dual-layer Discs because there is only one Productcode printed two times on a dual-layer Disc).

Disc (Plate) Gender Surface Template Reproducible Japan North America Europe
Grandmother Female (Die) Glass Positive No Not Available
Father Male Metal Negative Possible Productcode four-digit code mixed with letters and numbers eleven-digit code beginning with a single letter following by ten numbers
Mother Female Metal Positive No Productcode eight-digit code mixed with letters and numbers four-digit code beginning with a single letter following by three numbers
Son Male Metal Negative Yes one-digit code with a number only one-digit code with a number only four-digit code with numbers only

[edit] Examples

Game Title Layer-type Region Father - Mother Son
NAtURAL DOCtRINE Single-layer Japan PLJS - 70001 1
[1] Single-layer North America B4SS - 000710A1 3
FIFA 14 Single-layer Europe A0102211631 - A511 2000
Killzone: Shadow Fall Dual-layer Europe A0102222087 - A911 6000
B911 9000


[edit] Burst Cutting Area

The (Narrow) Burst Cutting Area ((N)BCA) can be used for adding further Information such as serial numbers or any other Information about the manufacturing process etc. The BCA-Code is written using a Nd:YAG laser and can be also used as a security measure to avoid illegal copies from a original pressed disc (as used on Game Discs both for the Nintendo GameCube & the Nintendo Wii). Therefore it's impossible to reproduce/copy the BCA with a standard optical disc drive running on a PC/Laptop.

  • Location: inner ring, inside data section
  • Radius: 1.2 mm (zone between 22.3 ±0.4 mm to 23.5 mm ±0.5 mm (single-layer), 21.0 ±0.4 mm to 22.2 mm ±0.5 mm (dual-layer))
  • Data size: 12 bytes (minimum) to 188 bytes (maximum) (in steps of 16 bytes)

Sometimes blank recordable & rewritable discs (such as DVD-R/RW/RAM) also contains a BCA-Code, while Information about the CPRM and other DRM-policies were stored.

A Pre-recorded Media Serial Number (PMSN), located inside the BCA, can be stored on a Blu-ray Disc (but extremely unlikely on PS3/PS4 Game Discs because this is a part from the AACS copy protection).

[edit] PIC Zone

This (pre-recorded) PIC Zone, which is included within the BCA (Data size: 0x73 bytes), contains general Information about the disc that includes, but is not restricted to:

  • Physical media class and version,
  • Physical address of the start of the Data Zone
  • Physical address of the start of the outer Zone (if this is a single-layer media, this is the lead-out)
  • Number of layers
  • Recording Density
  • Write power Information

[edit] See also


[edit] Angular Marks

Angular Marks are also a security measure to avoid piracy. It makes the difference that these Marks were located in the data area of a disc (outside the BCA). It works similar to the old Bad Sector copy protection, were the CD-ROM got pressed with zero-filled Physical Sector Numbers, which were unreadable for very old outdated optical disc drives without a RAW-writing function. Instead, the sectors are readable (error correction will fix the angular marks), but a special feature of the DVD controller allows recovering the bit-exact position and size of the laser mark. The result is then stored signed in the BCA, so that the reader can validate it. Since the laser marks are written after producing the discs, the marks cannot be as accurately as required to pass a given BCA. This method is used on the Nintendo Gamecube, for example. This can be circumvented by placing strings of zeros in the actual bitstream, which - to the reader - look identical to an angular laser mark.

It is known[6] that Sony (Pictures Home Entertainment) use these Marks for their retail Blu-ray Movies to avoid illegal copies (which is easy to bypass), but there are no Information about the applicability on PS3/PS4 Game Discs pressed on BD-ROM.

[edit] See also


[edit] ROM Mark

[edit] Notes

It is unknown if any PS3/PS4 Game Discs contains a ROM Mark because these Marks were only in use when there were several Mastering plants who got the order to press identical DVD's and/or Blu-ray's (for example when one plant in Portugal and another one in Finland got the orders to press the same Blu-ray Movie with identical Languages and Subtitles for releasing in several European markets. Therefore it works like a copy protection between all Mastering plants and those are able to verify if there were other (unlicensed) Mastering plants who reproduces a DVD and/or Blu-ray without permission (like on Third World markets with illegal copies in China, for example). But it seems that there is only one Mastering plant for each Region who owns the License to press PS4 Game Discs. As like, it would be redundant that PS4 Game Discs contains a ROM Mark.

The ROM Mark contains the Volume ID required to decrypt content encrypted using AACS.

So the ROM Mark can be also used as a security measure against piracy, which works together with AACS and already in use with several pressed Blu-ray movies. Of course it would be possible that the ROM Mark communicates with any other file(s) on a PS3/PS4 Game Disc, but with which one (EBOOT.BIN/INSTALL.PKG)? Therefore the following can be thought of as a general Information.

[edit] Information

ROM Mark or BD-ROM Mark is a serialization technology designed to make it more difficult for replication plants to do unlogged over-runs (being sold out the back door, without the copyright holder's knowledge) on a pressing.

Only licensed BD-ROM manufacturers have access to the equipment that can make these unique ROM Marks (physical-layer to store key cryptographic secrets).

Although every machine used to laser-cut a master disc is theoretically the same, the motor that spins the blank disc and moves the laser along a spiral track varies slightly in speed and precision. So if a digital marker is put in the middle of a recording, its physical position on the master disc - and every disc then pressed - will be a unique fingerprint of the cutting machine.

  • Location: ?
  • Length: ?
  • Sample: ?

[edit] Patents and references


[edit] Trivia

If you got horny about those pictures of the bottom side from a PS4 Game Disc:

  • CUSA-00002 (Killzone: Shadow Fall): JPG @ 4843x4915px - TIF @ 11758x11933px
  • CUSA-00128 (FIFA 14):: JPG @ 3686x3633px - TIF @ 12166x11990px


[edit] References

  1. Mastering Code is mirrored (probably printed from the bottom side as usual but the bottom from a PlayStation Disc is entire blackened). Also only those Game Discs with a silver-printed surface contains a visible Mastering Code (mostly PlayStation the Best and a few Standard Games) because the area from the Mastering Code is covert with the Disc Cover from the actual Game itself.
  2. Mastering Code is mirrored (probably printed from the bottom side as usual but the bottom from a PlayStation Disc is entire blackened). Also only those Game Discs with a silver-printed surface contains a visible Mastering Code (mostly Greatest Hits and a few Standard Games) because the area from the Mastering Code is covert with the Disc Cover from the actual Game itself.
  3. see http://img849.imageshack.us/img849/5543/9vvd.jpg - Picture about the bottom inner ring from a North American PS4 single-layer Game Disc.
  4. Mastering Code is mirrored (probably printed from the bottom side as usual but the bottom from a PlayStation Disc is entire blackened). Also only those Game Discs with a silver-printed surface contains a visible Mastering Code (mostly Platinum and a few Standard Games) because the area from the Mastering Code is covert with the Disc Cover from the actual Game itself.
  5. see http://salzburg.orf.at/news/stories/2616253/ - Report about the Mastering plant from Sony DADC in Thalgau, Austria (in German Language).
  6. see http://psdevwiki.com/ps3/ - AACS specifications and BD patents


[edit] Generic

References
References: